Alcohol is a Medicine belongs to Disinfectant and preservatives group whose information about Brand can be referenced from   Book : Martindale    Page : 1735   Edition : 38  

  ►   Brandname : Alcare, Bodi Line Action, AHD 2000, Aqium.
  ►  Strength : Injection with .  Methylated spirit with 70 %. 

Reference of this Medicine for its Strength can be taken from   Book : Martindale    Page : 1733   Edition : 38  
A Route of administration in pharmacology and toxicology is the path by which a drug, fluid, poison, or other substance is taken into the body. Routes of administration are generally classified by the location at which the substance is applied. Common examples include oral and intravenous administration.

  ►  Route of administration : Topical, IV
Reference :-   Book : Martindale    Page : 1733   Edition : 38  

Dosing of Medicine differ in Adult & Pediatrics ↓

Adult Dose

S.No Ailment   Route   Dose Min   Dose Max   Unit   Dosage Form   Frequency   Additional Info
1 For disinfection Topical It is used to disinfect skin before injection, venepuncture, or surgical procedures. It is also used to disinfect hands and clean surfaces. A concentration of 70%, often as methylated spirits, is commonly used for disinfection.

Ref :-  Book : Martindale    Page : 1733   Edition : 38  

Pediatric Dose

S.No Ailment   Age Min   Age Max   Weight ( Kg ) Route   Dose Min   Dose Max   Unit   Dosage Form   Frequency  Additional Info  

Ref :- Book :
►  Side Effect : Adverse effects of alcohol arise chiefly from the intake of alcoholic beverages., Low concentrations (up to 180 mg per 100 mL) of alcohol may result in impaired vision, Reaction time, And coordination and emotional lability, At low to moderate concentrations (180 to 350 mg per 100 mL), alcohol acts as an apparent stimulant; depression of cortical function causes loss of judgement, Slurred speech, Diplopia, Blurred Vision, Ataxia, Lack of coordination, Blackout, Sweating, Tachycardia, Nausea, High concentrations (350 to 450 mg per 100 mL) of alcohol result in cold clammy skin, Hypothermia, Hypotension, Stupor, Coma, Severe hyperglycaemia, Convulsions, Chronic excessive consumption of alcohol may cause damage to many organs, particularly the brain and the liver
Ref :-   Book : Martindale    Page : 1733,1734   Edition : 38.  

►  Drug Interaction : Drug interaction of Alcohol is with Hypnotics, antihistamines, Opoid analgesic , Antiepileptics , antidepressants, Antipsychotics, Sedatives, Opioids, , , , Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors, sulfonylurea antidiabetic , , Antihypertensive Agents , Analgesic, Oral anticoagulants, ,  Disulfiram, Chlorpropamide , Griseofulvin , Mepacrine, Metronidazole , Procarbazine, Insulin , Indoramin
Ref :-   Book : Martindale    Page : 1734   Edition : 38.  

  ►    Mechanism of Drug Drug Interaction :  Reports of interactions between alcohol and other drugs are not consistent, possibly because acute alcohol intake may inhibit drug metabolism while chronic alcohol intake can enhance the induction of drugmetabolising enzymes in the liver. Alcohol can enhance the acute effects of CNS depressants, such as hypnotics, antihistamines, opioid analgesics, antiepileptics, antidepressants, antipsychotics, and sedatives. In addition ‘dose dumping’, rapid and potentially fatal release of high doses from modifiedrelease formulations, has occurred when some opioid preparations were taken with alcohol. Unpleasant reactions, similar to those occurring with disulfiram, may occur when alcohol is taken with chlorpropamide, griseofulvin, mepacrine, metronidazole and other nitroimidazoles, the nitrofuran derivatives furazolidone and nifuratel, procarbazine, or some cephalosporins. Alcoholic beverages containing tyramine may cause reactions when taken by patients receiving MAOIs. Alcohol can cause hypoglycaemic reactions in patients receiving sulfonylurea antidiabetics or insulin, and orthostatic hypotension in patients taking drugs with a vasodilator action. It may enhance the hypotensive effects of antihypertensives and has also increased the sedative effect of indoramin. Alcohol may increase gastric bleeding caused by analgesics and can have a variable effect on oral anticoagulants. It may decrease the antidiuretic effect of vasopressin.
Ref :-   Book : Martindale    Page : 1734   Edition : 38.  

►  Contraindication : Excessive alcohol intake should be avoided, Ingestion of alcohol during pregnancy or breast feeding is not advisable, All processes requiring judgement and coordination are affected by alcohol
Ref :-   Book : Martindale    Page : 1734   Edition : 38.  
  ►  Mechanism of Action :   Alcohol is bacteriostatic at low concentrations but has bactericidal activity at higher concentrations; it does not, however, destroy bacterial spores. The mechanism of action appears to be denaturation of proteins. In the total absence of water, proteins are not denatured as rapidly as when water is present.
Ref :-   Book : Martindale    Page : 1733   Edition : 38.  

Pathway of DIETARY Product

​   ► Act.Comp / Nutrient / Food / Herb as follows :- NA

DIETARY Substance Interactions

​   ► This Medicine interact with :- NA

ContraIndication DIETARY Substance

​   ► This Medicine contraindicate with :- NA

►   Route of Elimination :   Hepatic (Metabolism), Renal, Lungs
Ref :-   Book : Martindale    Page : 1735   Edition : 38.  

►    Plasma Half-life :   Min value :-   NA    Max value :-   NA

►    Peak Plasma Concentration :   Min value :-   NA    Max value :-   NA