Ethanol is a Medicine belongs to Disinfectant and preservatives group whose information about Brand can be referenced from   Book : Martindale    Page : 1771   Edition : 37,

  ►   Brandname : Kleen-Handz,Alcare,Microshield Antimicrobial Hand Gel,Amphisept E,Fugaten

  ►  Strength : Solution with   , Injection with   ,

Reference of this Medicine for its Strength can be taken from   Book : Martindale    Page : 1770   Edition : 37,
A Route of administration in pharmacology and toxicology is the path by which a drug, fluid, poison, or other substance is taken into the body. Routes of administration are generally classified by the location at which the substance is applied. Common examples include oral and intravenous administration.

  ►  Route of administration : Topical,
Reference :-   Book : Martindale    Page : 1770   Edition : 37,

Dosing of Medicine differ in Adult & Pediatrics ↓


Adult Dose

S.No Ailment   Route   Dose Min   Dose Max   Unit   Dosage Form   Frequency   Additional Info

Ref :-  Book :




Pediatric Dose

S.No Ailment   Age Min   Age Max   Weight ( Kg ) Route   Dose Min   Dose Max   Unit   Dosage Form   Frequency  Additional Info  

Ref :- Book :
►  Side Effect : Low concentrations (up to 180 mg per 100 mL) of alcohol may result in impaired vision, reaction time, and coordination and emotional lability, At low to moderate concentrations (180 to 350 mg per 100 mL), alcohol acts as an apparent stimulant; depression of cortical function causes loss of judgement, slurred speech, diplopia, blurred vision, ataxia, lack of coordination, blackouts, sweating, , tachycardia, nausea, vomiting, incontinence, acidosis(especially in children), hypoglycaemia, hypokalaemia , High concentrations (350 to 450 mg per 100 mL) of alcohol result in cold clammy skin, hypothermia, hypotension, stupor, coma, dilated pupils, depressed absent tendon reflexes, Severe hypoglycaemia, convulsions, respiratory depression, metabolic acidosis, cardiac arrhythmias such as atrial fibrillation, AV block,
Ref :-   Book : Martindale    Page : 1768   Edition : 37,

►  Drug Interaction : Drug interaction of Ethanol is with Hypnotic , antihistamines, Opoid analgesic , Antiepileptics , antidepressants, Antipsychotics, Sedatives, , , Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitor, sulfonylurea antidiabetic , Oral anticoagulants, ,  Chlorpropamide , Griseofulvin , Mepacrine, Metronidazole , Indoramin , Ergometrine , Furazolidone, Procarbazine, Amiloride , Procarbazine, Insulin ,
Ref :-   Book : Martindale    Page : 1770   Edition : 37,


  ►    Mechanism of Drug Drug Interaction :  Alcohol can enhance the acute effects of CNS depressants, such as hypnotics, antihistamines, opioid analgesics, antiepileptics, antidepressants, antipsychotics, and sedatives. Unpleasant reactions, similar to those occurring with disulfiram may occur when alcohol is taken with chlorpropamide, griseofulvin, mepacrine, metronidazole and other nitroimidazoles, the nitrofuran derivatives furazolidone and nifuratel, procarbazine, or some cephalosporins. Alcoholic beverages containing tyramine may cause reactions when taken by patients receiving MAOIs. Alcohol can cause hypoglycaemic reactions in patients receiving sulfonylurea antidiabetics or insulin, and orthostatic hypotension in patients taking drugs with a vasodilator action. It may enhance the hypotensive effects of antihypertensives and has also increased the sedative effect of indoramin. Alcohol may increase gastric bleeding caused by analgesics and can have a variable effect on oral anticoagulants. It may decrease the antidiuretic effect of vasopressin.,
Ref :-   Book : Martindale    Page : 1770   Edition : 37,


►  Contraindication : Diabetes mellitus, Epilepsy, hepatic impairment, peptic ulcer disease, pregnancy, Breast feeding, Porphyria,
Ref :-   Book : Martindale    Page : 1769-1770   Edition : 37,
  ►  Mechanism of Action :   Alcohol is bacteriostatic at low concentrations but has bactericidal activity at higher concentrations; it does not, however, destroy bacterial spores. The mechanism of action appears to be denaturation of proteins.Its bactericidal activity drops sharply when diluted below a 50% concentration and the optimal bactericidal concentration is 60 to 90% by volume. Alcohol also has some fungicidal and virucidal activity. Alcohol also has anhidrotic, rubefacient, and astringent and haemostatic properties,
Ref :-   Book : Martindale    Page : 1770   Edition : 37,

Pathway of Dietry Product


​   ► Act.Comp / Nutrient / Food / Herb as follows :- Poppy seed with Another pathway,

  ►  Pathway with its reference as follows :-
  • sedative effect . --- (Kokate, C. (2013). Pharmacognosy (4th ed.). Pune: Nirali Prakashan. )

  •   ►  URL -- http://freepharmadownloads.blogspot.com/2013/02/pharmacognosy-ckkokate-free-download.html,


    Dietry Substance Interactions


    ​   ► This Medicine interact with :- NA



    ContraIndication Dietry Substance


    ​   ► This Medicine contraindicate with :- KAVA KAVA with It may cause excessive drowsiness when taken with sedatives .,

      ►  Reference :-
  • Gaby, A. (2006). A–Z Guide to Drug-Herb-Vitamin Interactions. 2nd ed. New York: Three Rivers Press

  •   ►  URL -- http://www.otto-wipfel.co.uk/otto/supplements-medication/DRUG-HERB-VITAMINS-INTERACTIONS-A-Z_Guide.pdf,

    ►   Route of Elimination :   Renal, Hepatic (Metabolism),
    Ref :-   Book : Basic & Clinical pharmacology    Page : 390   Edition : 12,


    ►    Plasma Half-life :   Min value :-   NA    Max value :-   NA


    ►    Peak Plasma Concentration :   Min value :-   NA    Max value :-   NA