Region Type of virus Transmission Route Incubation Period Source of Infection Sign Symptom Complication Virulence Factor Dif. Diagnosis Epidemiology Prophylaxis
AIDS / HIV Human immunodeficiency Virus , a retrovirus * Parenteral route * Perinatal transmission * Sexual transmission From a few month to 10 years or even more Na * Initial infection with the virus and development of antibodies &* Asymptomatic carrier state * AIDS - related complex ( ARC ) - unexplained diarrhea, fatigue , malaise, loss of more than 10% body wt, fever night sweats ,oral thrush, generalized lymphadenopathy , slenomegaly * AIDS - Tuberculosis , Persistent generalized lymphadenopathy, Kaposi sarcoma, Oropharyngaeal candidiasis , CMV retinitis , Hairy leukoplakia * Initial infection with the virus and development of antibodies * Asymptomatic carrier state * AIDS - related complex ( ARC) - unexplained diarrhea , fatigue , malaise, loss of more than 10% body wt, fever , night sweats ,oral thrush, generalized , lymhadenopathy , slenomegaly * AIDS - Tuberculosis , Persistent generalized lymphadenopathy , Kaposi sarcoma, Oropharyngeal candidiasis, CMV retinitis , Hairy leukoplakia * Health education * Screening of blood and blood products * Infection control * Vaccine development