Region Type of virus Transmission Route Incubation Period Source of Infection Sign Symptom Complication Virulence Factor Dif. Diagnosis Epidemiology Prophylaxis
Bacterial infections MININGOCOCCUS ; DIPLOCOCCUS INTRACELLULARIS MENINGITIDIS Droplet inhalation and the portal of entry is nasopharynx reaching meanings either by: haematogenous route causing septicaemia , or direct olfactory never spread through cribriform plate. Variable Na Non - blanching rash , with fever , vomiting , headache, neck , stiffness ; followed by symptoms of shock , disseminated intravascular coagulation Non - blanching rash , with fever , vomiting , headache, neck , stiffness ; followed by symptoms of shock , disseminated intravascular coagulation Capsular polysaccharide , Outer membrane proteins PorA 7 PorB , LPS and Endotoxin , IgA proteases , Transferrin binding proteins. Chemoprophylaxis : Ciprofloxacin , rifampin , Vaccine : Polyvalent meningococcal capsular vaccine