Region Type of virus Transmission Route Incubation Period Source of Infection Sign Symptom Complication Virulence Factor Dif. Diagnosis Epidemiology Prophylaxis
Bacterial infections BACILLUS ANTHRACIS Cutaneous anthrax used to be caused by shavingbrushes made with animal hair. Pulmonary anthrax , due to inhalation of dust from infected wool. Na Cutaneous Anthrax, begins 2 to 5 days after infection as a small papule that develops with in a few days into a vesicle filled with dark bluish blackfluid. Rupture of the vesicle reveals a black eschar atthe base , with a very prominent inflammatory ring of reaction around the eschar. classically found on the hands, forearms, or head and is painless. Pulmonary Anthrax, hemorrhagic pneumonia with a highfatality rate . Hemorrhagicmeningitis may occur as acomplication Cutaneous Anthrax, begins 2 to 5 days after infection as a small papule that develops with in a few days into a vesicle filled with dark bluish blackfluid. Rupture of the vesicle reveals a black eschar atthe base , with a very prominent inflammatory ring of reaction around the eschar. classically found on the hands, forearms, or head and is painless. Pulmonary Anthrax, hemorrhagic pneumonia with a highfatality rate . Hemorrhagicmeningitis may occur as acomplication A ploy ( D- glutamic acid ) capsulend a three - component protein exotoxini. e Anthrax consists of three proteins called protective antigen ( PA ) , edema factor ( EF) , and lethal factor ( LF) Animals with known or suspected anthrax should behandled with care and carcasses of animals incinerated or buried deep inquicklime to prevent soil contaminated and the spread of spores to new pastures. And Immunization with Alumprecipitated toxoid or Live - attenuated bacilli.